Please also provide what laboratory and epidemiological tools have been used to assess the risk.
This is discussed in detail on page 48 which says “The effects of fluoride intake on fracture risk and bone strength have been studied in animals and in a large number of epidemiological studies….The weight of evidence indicates that increasing amounts of fluoride might increase bone volume, but there is less strength per unit of volume.” A bit later it says “The York Report reviewed 29 studies (all of low validity) that assessed whether there was an association between water fluoridation and bone fractures or bone development problems. No evidence of an elevated risk of fractures could be attributed to water fluoridation at optimal levels.”
Please provide a list of all studies relied upon in this review (Health effects of water fluoridation: A review of the scientific evidence) which showed there are not significant or realistic risks for bone fractures or bone development problems when water is fluoridated at 1ppm or less. Please note if these studies were reviewed by the York Review and if the York Review deemed them to be of low validity or not.
Please also provide a list of all programmes/studies which are monitoring populations receiving fluoridated water. Please note where in the world these monitoring programmes/studies are being carried out and what exactly they are monitoring..
Please note that “fluoridated water” is “The addition of a fluorine compound to drinking water for the purpose of reducing tooth decay” therefore only programmes/studies pertaining to populations drinking water that has had the addition of a fluorine compound to the drinking water are applicable.
I am requesting this under the Official Information Act.